Fouquet (or Foucquet), Jean

(ca. 1420-ca. 1481)
   painter, miniaturist
   The most important French painter of the 15th century, Jean Fouquet was born in Tours and probably developed his technique in Parisian studios, while the style of his miniatures indicated that he was familiar with the limbourg manuscripts. He most likely did the Portrait de Charles VII before going to Italy (ca. 1445-48). Already well known, he was commissioned to paint the portrait (lost) of Pope Eugene IV; during his visit he assimilated Leone Alberti's discoveries on perspective, became friends with the Italian architect Antonio Filareti, and adopted the Italian architectural styles and ornamental motifs. Returning to Tours, he worked for King charles vii before becoming the official painter to louis xi (1474). A few of his paintings have survived. The portrait of Juvenal des Ursins and the diptych known as de Melun, representing Éti-enne Chevalier présénte par saint Étienne, and in the center La Vierge à l'Enfant, without doubt figure in the treatises of agnès sorel (ca. 1450). His portraits are characterized by glowing, clear colors, strong drawing, and characterization and humor. His miniatures are noted for their precision and exquisite technique. Fouquet also painted on enamel (Autoportrait) and organized festivals and solemn entrances for the king. In Heures d'Étienne Chevalier (between 1450 and 1480), a noted book of hours, he meticulously applied the process of perspective; in Bocacace (ca. 1458), the Grandes Chroniques de France, and above all the Antiquités judaïques (ca. 1467-76), he used diverse perspective techniques in the same composition.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Fouquet (or Foucquet), Nicolas — (1615 ca. 1680)    statesman    Born in Paris, Nicolas Fouquet, who was associated with Cardinal mazarin, became minister of finances in 1653. His personal credit allowed him to regain the confidence of many officials and to face state expenses… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Foucquet — Fouquet ou Foucquet (Jean) (v. 1420 entre 1477 et 1481) peintre et miniaturiste français: la Vierge à l Enfant (portrait présumé d Agnès Sorel), enluminures des Heures d Étienne Chevalier. Fouquet ou Foucquet (Nicolas) (1615 1680) vicomte de Vaux …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • fouquet — ● fouquet nom masculin (de foucquet, écureuil, mot dialectal de l Ouest) Ancien nom de l écureuil, d où la présence de cet animal sur le blason du surintendant Fouquet avec la devise : Quo non ascendet ? (Jusqu où ne montera t il pas ?). Fouquet… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fouquet d'Anjou — Nicolas Fouquet Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fouquet. Nicolas Fouquet, né à Paris, baptisé le 27 janvier 1615, mort à Pignerol le 3 avril 1680, vicomte de Melun et de Vaux, marquis de Belle Isle, était un homme d État… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Fouquet — Selbstporträt Jean Fouquets. Emaillemedaillon, ursprünglich auf dem Rahmen des Diptychons von Melun (um 1455). Jean Fouquet (* um 1420 in Tours; † zwischen 1478 und 1481) war ein französischer Buch und Tafelmaler. Er gilt als einer der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fouquet — (Foucquet) is a French surname and may refer to:* Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet, duc de Belle Isle (1684 1761), French general and statesman * Guillaume Fouquet de la Varenne (1560 1616), French chef and statesman * Jean Fouquet (1420 1481),… …   Wikipedia

  • Foucquet —   [fu kɛ], Jean, französischer Maler, Fouquet, Jean …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Foucquet — (Fouquet, spr. fukä), 1) Jean, franz. Maler, geb. um 1415 in Tours, gest. um 1480 in Paris, bildete sich in Italien, wo er unter anderm ein Bildnis des Papstes Eugen IV. (1445) malte, namentlich nach Fra Angelico, war vor 1460 in Paris ansässig… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fouquet — I Fouquet   [fu kɛ], französische Schmuckkünstlerfamilie des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts, tätig in Paris. Der Firmengründer Alphonse Fouquet (* 1828, ✝ 1911) bevorzugte als Vertreter des Historismus bei seinen Arbeiten antikisierende… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fouquet, Nicolas — born 1615, Paris, France died March 23, 1680, Pignerol French finance minister (1653–61) in the early years of the reign of Louis XIV. He was a wealthy supporter of the powerful Cardinal Mazarin and of the royal government during the turmoil of… …   Universalium

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